Many physicians prescribe antibiotics for sinus infections. However, they are not always as effective as people may think. It is crucial to let your doctor know if they do not work, thus, he or she can prescribe something else that will be more effective.
Narrow spectrum antibiotics, and broad spectrum antibiotics are the two most widely used sinus infection antibiotics treatments used. Narrow spectrum antibiotics treat a specific type of bacterial infection, while the broad spectrum treats a wide range of bacterial infections.
According to studies, the broad-spectrum antibiotics work best; however, it is more likely to perpetuate antibiotic resistance. For this reason, doctors will prescribe the narrow spectrum antibiotics first, then the broad spectrum if the narrow fails to bring about results.
Here are a few of the antibiotics sinus infection treatments:
Aminoglycosides – These are classified as narrow spectrum antibiotics. Your doctor would administer this by irrigation or having you inhale it through the nose. A doctor, due to the horrible side effects that are synonymous with its use, should be the only one to administer this. Side effects include damage to hearing, sense of balance, and kidney’s.
Macrolides – This is also characterized as a narrow spectrum antibiotic, and is designed primarily to fight the cocci bacteria. It is mainly effective because it blocks or slows crucial protein formation in the bacteria. This weakens or kills the bacterium so that your immune system can get the upper hand. It is administered orally.
Cephalosporins – This is characterized as a broad-spectrum antibiotic. This one is administered orally or through the ear and is mostly given to people who are allergic or resistant to penicillin. Diarrhea and rashes are side effects associated with this antibiotic.
Penicillin – This is characterized as a broad-spectrum antibiotic. This antibiotic is widely used for many bacterial infections including kidney, and sinus infections. Penicillin does its damage to bacteria by slowing the metabolic functions vital to the bacterial cell wall formation and by stimulating the production of enzymes that eventually destroy the cell walls. The most commonly used are amoxicillin and amoxicillin-clavulanate.
Sinus infections are a lot different from a common cold. However, a cold can cause it. Therefore, your doctor will monitor you and if the cold induced sinus infection does not go away in seven days, he or she will prescribe you antibiotics.
Before your doctor prescribes any form of antibiotic, he or she must first ascertain what type of bacteria is causing the problem. To do this, the doctor will remove a swab of nasal discharge and let it grow into a bacterial culture in the laboratory.
Once your doctor is aware of what type of bacterium is causing the problem, then the treatment can begin. Most people after taking the antibiotics feel better after a day or two. Nonetheless, if you only feel better on the tenth day, your condition improved not because of the antibiotic but because your body was somehow able to fight the bacteria on its own.